means either "one who guards" or "one serves behind [God’s] throne." Other spellings include Meetatron, Megatron, Merraton , Metaraon , Metatdon, Metatetron, Metathronon , Metattron, Metdatton, Methattron, Methratton, Metratton, Mattatron, and Mitatron.
Metatron is known as the angel of life. He guards the Tree of Life and writes down the good deeds people do on Earth, as well as what happens in heaven, in the Book of Life (which is also known as the akashic record). Metatron is traditionally considered to be the spiritual brother of archangel Sandalphon
, and both were humans on Earth before ascending to heaven as angels (Metatron is said to have lived as the prophet Enoch, and Sandalphon as the prophet Elijah. People sometimes ask for Metatron's help to discover their personal spiritual power and learn how to use it to bring glory to God and make the world a better place.
In art, Metatron is often depicted guarding the Tree of Life.
Role in Religious Texts:
The Zohar, the holy book of the mystical branch of Judaism
called Kabbalah, describes Metatron as "the king of angels" and says that he "rules over the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil" (Zohar 49, Ki Tetze: 28:138). The Zohar also mentions that the prophet Enoch has turned into the archangel Metatron in heaven (Zohar 43, Balak 6:86). In the Torah
and the Bible
, the prophet Enoch lives an extraordinarily long life, and then is taken up into heaven without dying, as most humans do: "All of Enoch’s days were 365 years. Enoch walked with God, and was no more, because God had taken him" (Genesis 5:23-24). The Zohar reveals that God decided to allow Enoch to continue his earthly ministry forever in heaven, describing in Zohar Bereshit 51:474 that, on Earth, Enoch was working on a book that contained "the inner secrets of wisdom" and then "was taken from this Earth to become a heavenly angel." Zohar Bereshit 51:475 reveals: "All the supernal secrets were delivered into his hands and he, in turn, delivered them to those who merited them. Thus, he performed the mission that the Holy One, blessed be he, assigned to him. One thousand keys were delivered into his hands and he takes one hundred blessings every day and creates unifications for his Master. The Holy One, blessed be He, took him from this world so that he would serve him above. The text [from Genesis 5] refers to this when it reads: 'And he was not; for Elohim [God] took him.'" The Talmud mentions in Hagiga 15a that God allowed Metatron to sit down in his presence (which is unusual because others stood up in God’s presence to express their reverence for him) because Metatron is constantly writing: " ... Metatron, to whom was given permission to sit down and write the merits of Israel."
Other Religious Roles:
Metatron serves as the patron angel of children
, because the Zohar identifies him as the angel who led the Hebrew people through the wilderness
during the 40 years they spent traveling to the Promised Land. (In Exodus 23:20-21, God tells the Israelites: "See, I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared. Pay attention to him and listen to what he says...". Sometimes Metatron is also linked with Gabriel
and Samael, overseeing their work as angels of death
when they escort people’s souls from Earth to the afterlife.